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Thursday, June 25, 2015

Review of NMR and Primitive Quantum Mechanics
To: Stivep Niepodam


REVIEW OF THE MACFREEY ARTICLE
http://www.free-energy-info.tuks.nl/McFreey.pdf

The McFreey article you asked me to review is interesting in that it attempts to relate beta decay with  Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) as a source for the overunity energy devices such as you are experimenting upon. However, it also reveals someone caught in the “fog” of primitive quantum mechanics who will never arrive at actual explanations. The best way to remove this fog is to review what NMR actually is.

NMR is the precession frequency of proton spin within a magnetic field. The axis of a spinning object within an effecting field “wobbles” in a circular pattern known as “precession.”  The best way to understand the factors controlling precession frequency is to consider a gyroscope spinning within the earth’s gravitational field. If the gyroscope is something like a bicycle wheel, the axis of the spinning wheel can be set horizontally and suspended by one pole of the axis. It can hold this horizontal position while supporting only the one side of the axis. However, the “free” pole of the axis will rotate in a circular motion which is known as “precession.”

The frequency of this precession is the rate of circular motion over time. This rate is determined by two factors, the strength of the field and the rate of spin. Since the gravitational field at the earth’s surface is a constant (9.8 m/sec^2), the only factor affecting precession frequency for our horizontal gyroscope is the spin frequency of the device. The faster the gyroscope is spinning, the greater will be the precession frequency (and the narrower the circular motion).

A spinning nuclear proton within an externally applied magnetic field also has a precession frequency. The formula for this proton precession frequency is called the “Lamor frequency.”  It is measured by inserting a target within a magnetic coil. However, not all materials are accessible. Hydrogen bonded materials are the best, with water being the prime example. The Lamor frequency is measured by aligning the atoms in the coil’s magnetic field, turning the field off and measuring the time of an induction current which is produced  by the retained magnetic field of the aligned target atoms. As the atoms “relax” this field,the current disappears. The time of this relaxation is known as “T-1.” “Note that the rates of T-1 relaxation (i.e., 1/T-1) are generally strongly dependent on the NMR frequency” (Wikipedia).

However, the Lamor formula for precession spin frequency eliminated the most important factor, that of particle spin rate.  This was due to an unrealistic and non-proven assumption about proton spin upon the part of primitive quantum mechanics. Although proton spin rates have long been known to be associated with material temperature, primitive quantum mechanics imposed their own quantum numbers of “1/2” spins for each material. That is, proton spin was always a constant for any material as assigned by primitive quantum mechanics. The McFreey article stated: “[The overunity devices] are, in effect, conversion devices, converting excess energy of the nuclei to electricity and/or heat. In these devices, the fuel materials tend to be selected such as to have a non-zero spin, typically: copper, brass, aluminum, alloys of iron and the like.” The proton spin for cobalt, for example, is said to be “5/2,” a proton spin rate which is alleged to be shared by all cobalt protons at all temperatures.

This quantum mechanical imposition of a constant proton spin rate, eliminated spin rate as a factor in NMR precession frequency.The Lamor formula only has two factors: a “gamma factor” which is the procession frequency of any material per unit of magnetic field strength times the the strength of the field. There is no allowance for variance in proton spin frequency allowed by primitive quantum mechanics. The only reason that NMR measurements have been able to give consistent reading while eliminating the actual proton spin factor is because the measurements are taken under lab conditions of very similar ambient temperature conditions.  

Blinded by their own self-imposed ignorance, primitive quantum mechanics are incapable of understanding why radio waves can interact with NMR precession frequencies. They simply cannot understand how electromagnetic radio wave can  reinforce proton precession spin energy states. They do not understand that the capacitance field produced by the nuclear magnetic current is set at 90° to the magnetic field produced by the external field-aligned electrons, thus fulfilling Maxwell’s condition for the existence of an electromagnetic wave. They do not understand that the nuclear precession frequency “pulses” the nuclear electric (capacitance) field producing an electromagnetic wave at its frequency.

With an inadequate Lamor precession frequency formula always measured under similar lab ambient temperature conditions, the “constant” material frequency energy state will always be reinforced by a “constant” amount from electromagnetic wave imposition. McFreey states: “…..after many experiments, the conclusion was that the magnetic resonance alone, i.e. flipping of nuclei (transitions between various states of nuclear precession) with radio frequency, may only influence extremely unstable nuclei.” The radio wave imposition only “flipped the nuclei” producing a “transition” for the nuclear procession. The electromagnetic wave did not reinforce the precession energy state through the mechanism of the intersecting electric and magnetic fields produced by the atom; a reinforcement which would change in intensity under different temperature induced proton spin rates.

Because primitive quantum mechanics is unaware of the structural relationship between atomic fields and electromagnetic waves, they believe that other forms of waves, specifically sound waves would also produce the alleged “transitions” by “flipping the nucleus” generating a new orientation relative to the external magnetic field and creating a new energy state. This is, of course, utter nonsense and makes the bulk of the McFreey article nonsense as well.  

  
6:20 pm mdt          Comments

NMR and the Failure of Primitive Quantum Mechanics
he McFreey article you asked me to review is interesting in that it attempts to relate beta decay with  Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) as a source for the overunity energy devices such as you are experimenting upon. However, it also reveals someone caught in the “fog” of primitive quantum mechanics who will never arrive at actual explanations. The best way to remove this fog is to review what NMR actually is.

NMR is the precession frequency of proton spin within a magnetic field. The axis of a spinning object within an effecting field “wobbles” in a circular pattern known as “precession.”  The best way to understand the factors controlling precession frequency is to consider a gyroscope spinning within the earth’s gravitational field. If the gyroscope is something like a bicycle wheel, the axis of the spinning wheel can be set horizontally and suspended by one pole of the axis. It can hold this horizontal position while supporting only the one side of the axis. However, the “free” pole of the axis will rotate in a circular motion which is known as “precession.”

The frequency of this precession is the rate of circular motion over time. This rate is determined by two factors, the strength of the field and the rate of spin. Since the gravitational field at the earth’s surface is a constant (9.8 m/sec^2), the only factor affecting precession frequency for our horizontal gyroscope is the spin frequency of the device. The faster the gyroscope is spinning, the greater will be the precession frequency (and the narrower the circular motion).

A spinning nuclear proton within an externally applied magnetic field also has a precession frequency. The formula for this proton precession frequency is called the “Lamor frequency.”  It is measured by inserting a target within a magnetic coil. However, not all materials are accessible. Hydrogen bonded materials are the best, with water being the prime example. The Lamor frequency is measured by aligning the atoms in the coil’s magnetic field, turning the field off and measuring the time of an induction current which is produced  by the retained magnetic field of the aligned target atoms. As the atoms “relax” this field,the current disappears. The time of this relaxation is known as “T-1.” “Note that the rates of T-1 relaxation (i.e., 1/T-1) are generally strongly dependent on the NMR frequency” (Wikipedia).

However, the Lamor formula for precession spin frequency eliminated the most important factor, that of particle spin rate.  This was due to an unrealistic and non-proven assumption about proton spin upon the part of primitive quantum mechanics. Although proton spin rates have long been known to be associated with material temperature, primitive quantum mechanics imposed their own quantum numbers of “1/2” spins for each material. That is, proton spin was always a constant for any material as assigned by primitive quantum mechanics. The McFreey article stated: “[The overunity devices] are, in effect, conversion devices, converting excess energy of the nuclei to electricity and/or heat. In these devices, the fuel materials tend to be selected such as to have a non-zero spin, typically: copper, brass, aluminum, alloys of iron and the like.” The proton spin for cobalt, for example, is said to be “5/2,” a proton spin rate which is alleged to be shared by all cobalt protons at all temperatures.

This quantum mechanical imposition of a constant proton spin rate, eliminated spin rate as a factor in NMR precession frequency.The Lamor formula only has two factors: a “gamma factor” which is the procession frequency of any material per unit of magnetic field strength times the the strength of the field. There is no allowance for variance in proton spin frequency allowed by primitive quantum mechanics. The only reason that NMR measurements have been able to give consistent reading while eliminating the actual proton spin factor is because the measurements are taken under lab conditions of very similar ambient temperature conditions.  

Blinded by their own self-imposed ignorance, primitive quantum mechanics are incapable of understanding why radio waves can interact with NMR precession frequencies. They simply cannot understand how electromagnetic radio wave can  reinforce proton precession spin energy states. They do not understand that the capacitance field produced by the nuclear magnetic current is set at 90° to the magnetic field produced by the external field-aligned electrons, thus fulfilling Maxwell’s condition for the existence of an electromagnetic wave. They do not understand that the nuclear precession frequency “pulses” the nuclear electric (capacitance) field producing an electromagnetic wave at its frequency.

With an inadequate Lamor precession frequency formula always measured under similar lab ambient temperature conditions, the “constant” material frequency energy state will always be reinforced by a “constant” amount from electromagnetic wave imposition. McFreey states: “…..after many experiments, the conclusion was that the magnetic resonance alone, i.e. flipping of nuclei (transitions between various states of nuclear precession) with radio frequency, may only influence extremely unstable nuclei.” The radio wave imposition only “flipped the nuclei” producing a “transition” for the nuclear procession. The electromagnetic wave did not reinforce the precession energy state through the mechanism of the intersecting electric and magnetic fields produced by the atom; a reinforcement which would change in intensity under different temperature induced proton spin rates.

Because primitive quantum mechanics is unaware of the structural relationship between atomic fields and electromagnetic waves, they believe that other forms of waves, specifically sound waves would also produce the alleged “transitions” by “flipping the nucleus” generating a new orientation relative to the external magnetic field and creating a new energy state. This is, of course, utter nonsense and makes the bulk of the McFreey article nonsense as well.  

  
6:08 pm mdt          Comments

Monday, June 15, 2015

3:57 pm mdt          Comments

Quantum_Dimensional Update: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
The discovery of a precession frequency for proton spin within a magnetic field introduced nuclear magnetic resonance. The most important formula in the field, The Lamor Frequency equation, was built upon classical physics governing spin within a field. Subsequently, NMR was submerged into the fog of primitive quantum mechanics. For example it was stated, without evidence, that a single hydrogen nucleus could assume the high Lamor frequency energy state and low energy state simultaneously. They call this irrational duality a "super position states." In the world of the magic quantum pixie dust, someone can be hot and cold at the same time.
As the result of being submerged in a primitive quantum mechanical fog, NMR research has been severely restricted. Proton spin precession frequencies within a magnetic field are measured as current variation through an induction coil. It was discovered, however, that the Lamor frequencies could also interact with radio waves of the same frequency. While the discovery has found technical applications, it could not be exploited to guide new NMR research due to the fact that the  primitive quantum mechanical fog prevented understanding how radio-wave/procession-frequencies were actually interacting. They were prevented from applying electromagnetic wave theory to the interaction because of an inadequate atomic model. The quantum-dimensional atomic model supplies the missing element. A magnetic field projected by orbital electron spin is intersecting at 90 degrees to the electrical (capacitance) field projected from the nuclear magnetic current produced by proton spin. Maxwell's electromagnetic waves are the result of a magnetic field and an electrical field set at 90° angles.
3:54 pm mdt          Comments


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The Mathematical Equations for Energy Invested in the Nucleus from Radio Waves at NMR Lamor Frequency